1.强迫 coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to)、compel 代替force
2.扩大 magnify(magnify means make something larger than it really is) 代替enlarge
3.赞扬 extol(stronger than praise)、compliment(polite and politic 代替praise
4.刻苦的 assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly 代替hard-working
5.艰巨的 arduous (if something is arduous、it is difficult and tiring、and involves a lot of efforts) 代替difficult
6.贫瘠的 barren、infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it) 代替poor (soil)
7.易碎的 brittle、vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically) 代替fragile
8.展示 demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means tp make it clear to people. ) 代替show
9.公正的 impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something. ) 代替fair
10.袭击 assault (physically attack someone)、assail (attack violently) 代替attack
11.憎恶 abhor(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons)、loathe(dislike very much) 代替dislike
12. 破坏 devastate (it means damage something very badly、or utterly destroy it. ) 代替ruin
13.总是 invariably(the same as always、but better than always) 代替always
14.永久的 perpetual(a perpetual state never changes)、immutable(something immutable will never change or be changed) 代替forever
15.吃惊 startle(it means surprise you slightly)、astound(surprise you to a large degree),astonish(the same as astound) 代替surprise
16.热情 zeal (a great enthusiasm)、fervency (sincere and enthusiasm) 代替enthusiasm
17.平静的',安静的 tranquil(calm and peaceful)、serene(calm and quiet) 代替quiet
18.错综复杂的 intricate(if something is intricate、it often has many small parts and details) 代替ccomplex
19.独自的 solitary (if someone is solitary、there is no one near him/her 代替lonely
20.非常小的 minuscule(very small)、minute 代替small
a number of+复数，谓动用复数;the number of+复数，则用单数。
more than one+复数名词，谓动为单数。
a series/species/portion+of+名词，用单数。 many a+单数，谓动用单数。名词+and+名词表示一种概念时，用单数。
an average(total)of+复数后用复数，the average(total)of+复数后用单数。
a body of+复数，谓动用单数。
我们首先来看20xx年1月的第80题：But perhaps we should look at both sides of the coin before arriving hasty conclusions.本题中所考查的是短语动词。英语中有许多的短语动词，是很难从字面上判断其意义的。其中与介词构成短语的动词是最常见的。例如本题中的arrive，必须与at搭配成为短语动词之后才能与conclusion搭配。我们在分析题目的时候，发现有动宾搭配的时候，应该考虑该动词是否是一个短语动词，并进而分析构成该短语动词的介词有无遗漏。对于短语动词的熟悉是一个长期积累的过程，需要随时总结与记忆。以下是六级考试中常见到的短语动词：
account for, add up to, back up, break down, break away from, bleak out, break up, break in, break off, bring about, “bring up, bring out, bring down, build up, call off, call for, call on, carry out, check in, clear up, come off, come around, count on, cut down, cut off, do away with, dwell on, fall back on, fall out, get over, get out of, get at, give out, give up, give off, hang on, hold back, keep back from, keep up with, lay off, lay down, live up to, look into , look forward to, look over, make up, make out, pass away, put up with ,role out, run out of, set about, take over, take up, take in, take off, turn up, turn out, work out等。
还有一种常考的动词的用法就是语态。如20xx年1月第79题：One is surely justitied in his concern for the money and resources that they are poured into the space exploration.在本题中，由于从句的主语they与pour的关系是主动的，因而不可以用被动语态。在所分析的文字中包含谓语动词，那么应该分析是否是这方面的问题。其中应该重点分析主语与谓语动词的关系是主动还是被动。
我们首先来看20xx年6月的第73题：However.a second person thougt that this was more a question of civilized behavior as good manners.本题所考查的就是比较连接词的用法。从前文的more我们就可以看出，下文的as是不恰当的，正确的答案应是比较连接词than。一般来说，比较连接词所考查的重点集中在88与than的用法上。句意中是否还有比较意义是很容易辨别的，我们一旦觉察到句子有比较的意思，就应考虑是否是as与than的用法混淆。
此外定语从句的连接词也是要特别注意的。我们看 20xx年6月的第74题：Instead，this other person told us a story，it he said was quite well known.在这里，句子的后半段很明显是一个非限制性的定语从句，所以应将it改为which。非限制性的定语从句的连接词在近几年的考试中反复出现，应该引起我们的.重视。解决此类问题的方法是。凡是发现有复合句的分析对象，首先就要考虑从句的连接词。首先看是否有连接词，其次看连接词是否正确，尤其是which与 that的不同应用。 F.语言环境类错误的发现与解决
的。这类错误一般是一行中的关键词与上下文所体现出来的意思完全相反。例如20xx年6月第72题：A well—man. nered person…walks down a street he or she is constantly un-aware of others.本句的文意是一个有礼貌的人在街上走的时候是不会旁若无人的。而句中的unaware明显与句意是不符的。此类题的解决也较简单，那就是将不符合文意的词改为它的反义词即可。
Nowadays ,there are more and more XX in some big cities . It is estimated that ( 1 ). Why have there been so many XX ? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.The first one is that ( 2 ) .Besides,( 3 ) . The third reason is ( 4 ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( 5 ) .
It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing ,( 6 ).On the other hand ,( 7 ). All these measures will certainly reduce the number of XX .
Generation gap between parents and children
Nowadays , there are more and more misunderstanding between parents and children which is so- called generation gap . It is estimated that (75 percentages of parents often complain their children‘s unreasonable behavior while children usually think their parents too old fashioned).
Why have there been so much misunderstanding between parents and children?Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows . The first one is that ( the two generations,having grown up at different times, have different likes and dislikes ,thus the disagreement often rises between them) . Besides(due to having little in common to talk about , they are not willing to sit face to face ) . The third reason is (with the pace of modern life becoming faster and faster , both of them are so busy with their work or study that they don‘t spare enough time to exchange ideas ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( lake of communication and understanding each other) .
It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing (children should respect their parents ).On the other hand ,( parents also should show solicitue for their children). All these measures will certainly bridge the generation gap .